Hyderabad, the fifth largest metropolis of India, is the state capital of Andhra Pradesh, known for its rich history and culture with monuments, mosques, temples, a rich and varied heritage in arts, crafts and dance.
This site endeavors to present the rich heritage and culture of Hyderabad, along with an insight into Hyderabad today. Hyderabad is the capital of Andhra Pradesh in Southern India , located on the banks of the Musi River and on the Deccan Plateau. Hyderabad andSecunderabad are "twin cities" near Hussain Sagar Lake (also known as Tank Bund in local parlance) but both cities have grown so much that now they have become one big metropolis. The city and district of Hyderabad are coterminous. Hyderabad district is entirely contained within the Ranga Reddy district of Andhra Pradesh. Many of the suburbs of Hyderabad were recently merged into the city, now called Greater Hyderabad.
In many senses, Hyderabad is the meeting ground between North and South India. The city has a culture that is distinct from the rest of Andhra Pradesh, showing Islamic influences and a courtly presence imparted from its period as the capital of the Nizamate. This is more evident in the old city. The new city resembles many provincial state capitals in India. Secunderabad is more cosmopolitan, as the Cantonment area is located in this part of the city. Hyderabad is the financial, economic and political capital of Andhra Pradesh . The city is the largest contributor to the state's Gross Domestic Product , state tax and excise revenues. The nominal gross domestic product of Hyderabad metro was estimated at $15 billion in 2010.
Hyderabad ranks 93rd (as of 2008) in the List of richest cities in the world by GDP (PPP) with US$60 billion and sixth in India. Hyderabad is ranked as the 2nd best Indian city for doing business in the Doing Business 2011 Report published by the World Bank Group . The city is also one of India's prominentInformation Technology hubs, contributing most of Andhra Pradesh's 36,000-crore revenue from software exports. Starting in the 1990s, the economic pattern of the city has changed from being a primarily service city to being one with a more diversified spectrum, including trade, transport, commerce, storage, communication etc. Service industry is the major contributor, with urban workforce constituting 90% of the total workforce. The largest employers in Hyderabad are theAndhra Pradesh Government and the Government of India with 113,098 and 85,155 employees.
Hyderabad has established itself as the leading destination for IT and IT-enabled services , BPO andentertainment industries. Many computer software companies, software consulting firms, BPO firms, dealing with IT and other technological services firms have established their Head offices and facilities in the city since the 1990s. The city is home to more than 1,300 IT firms, including Facebook ,Microsoft , Google and Amazon . Since 1998, Microsoft campus in Hyderabad is the head office of Microsoft India. Hyderabad's IT exports exceeded $1 billion in 2004. Hyderabad is home to various CSIR and other public sector research institutes such as Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT), Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Limited (IDPL ), Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Central Research Institute of Unani Medicine (CRIUM ), Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics CDFD ,National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI), National Institute of Nutrition (NIN), Indian Immunologicals Limited (IIL), Institute of Genetics and Hospital for Genetic Diseases (IGHGD), Center For Food Technological Research Institute(CFTRI), Central Institute for Medicinal and Aromatic plants (CIMAP), National Mineral Development Corpation(NMDC), IRISET for railway signal engineering and ICRISAT.